Patrick Delaforce & Ken Baldry

'The Delaforce Family History' - Chapter 8
"Le beau Chevalier, the Card and the Philanthropist"

Previous Page

Next Page

Back to Patrick's
Index page

Back to Ken's
genealogy site

Other books by Patrick

Chapter 8

"Le beau Chevalier, the Card and the Philanthropist"

Three unusual members of the family have been included in this chapter: Daniel 1644-1719 'le beau Chevalier', John 1729-1788 the Card and Samuel 1748-1805 the Philanthropist. Samuel was John's oldest son. Daniel was John's grand-uncle, i.e. his grandfather John's brother.

William Browne 1591-1643 "well languag'd Daniel"

Daniel de la Force, le beau chevalier

Daniel was born in 1644 to Jean de la Force and Judith de Boucqoi (link to the family tree page). Jean, Claude and Abraham were his brothers and Judith his sister He was born either in Calais or in neighbouring Guisne and came to England as a young man and became intimately connected with the Huguenot counts and nobles fighting for England against the Catholic armies of France. He was particularly linked with two eminent nobles: de Duras and de Miremont from 1662 onwards.

It is tempting to believe the comment in Huguenot Society Proceedings No.17 page 446, which states "Daniel Laforce 1686-89, another resident of St. James, is recorded as burying a child at St. James Church. He was probably a relative of Duchesse de La Force, also buried at St. James", but that was not the case.

Daniel quickly joined the French emigre' army and became a captain of a Troop of Horse in Ireland. Later he was made secretary to the first Earl of Feversham who was the inefficient Commander in Chief of the British Army in the 1680s. In 1672 Feversham went to Paris with Peace Papers between Charles II and Louis XIV. Feversham's personal name was Lewis/Louis de Duras, a Huguenot Count and nephew of Marshall Turenne, who lived close to Daniel in Soho Square. In 1688 King James took the advice of his French General Feversham/de Duras and resolved to fall back on London and the Thames. Daniel was also for a time in 1687 until 3rd January 1688 a Major-General with Marquis de Miremont's regiment, when it was disbanded. De Miremont (or De Mauriac) came from the Haute Auvergne and were neighbours of the De La Forces and possibly intermarried. In 1701 De Miremont was put on trial in effect for embezzling state funds. "Appellant first brought a bill against the Marquis and his agent Monsieur de La Force as well as against Respondent, whether the troops were well supplied with equipment - received 1000L from King James to raise troop of 59 men but only obtained 36". The faithful Daniel made various Town Depositions in July 1699 and again in 1709. In 1706 the La force regiment under De Miremont had fought at the disaster of the Almanza. It is clear that the Huguenot commanders possessed courage, elan, but perhaps not skills in either administration or military tactics!

In 1694 three other members of the family were noted in the War Office records as serving officers in the Irish campaign: Pierre du Foussat was a lieutenant in the Comte de Martins' Regiment of Foot, the Sieur du Fosset (possibly Daniel's son) was lieutenant in the Marquis de Miremont's Regiment of French Dragoons, and Francis de La Force was a Captain in Colonel Robert Byer Leys' Regiment of Horse.

In 1687 Daniel was granted a Royal Warrant and Bounty for services in Ireland from Windsor Castle. On 9th September 1689 he obtained a pass to go to Holland and also visited his family in Calais. On 20th November 1712 he got another Royal Warrant from Windsor Castle to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland "nominated a pension of 3 shillings a day to Daniel de la Force who has served long in public employment and is now reduced to low circumstances having lost a son in her majesty's service". Later on he received a pension of 45 guineas for services in Ireland

Daniel was also a friend of Lord and Lady Arlington, Secretary of State from 1665. In 1699 The Vice Chamberlain Sir John Coke notes a list of lodgings at Somerset House in Fleet Street, St. Clemence Danes' parish.

Lady Arlington 9 6 1
M. Meremont (Marquis) 4 1 1
Lord Clarendon 12 4 1
M. La Force 3 1 1
Mr and Mrs Killigrew 5 4 -

Feversham was Chamberlain to the Queen and Henry Killigrew was page of the Bedchamber. King Charles II walked frequently in Arlington Gardens and inevitably Daniel would have met the King before Charles death in 1685.

In 1680 aged 36 he married Catherine Coseri, his second wife, and son Daniel was born in June the same year. Charles D'fforce was baptised 15th December 1687, St. James Piccadilly, to Daniel and Catherine. It may have been Charles who was killed in action before 1712, as the Daniel born about 1680 (died 2nd May 1716 St. Edmunds, Lombard Street) married Susanna (names given as Delaforce, Deforce, lafosle, laforce) St. Martins in the Fields. Daniel was born in 1705, Anne 1707, Margaret 1708, Mary 1710 and another Daniel in 1712; the first presumably having died in infancy.

Daniel twice wrote to the King, Charles II, in 1677 and 17th December 1683. "Petition praying an order to the Minister at the French Court to endeavour to obtain leave for the petitioner's brother, a merchant in Calais, who desires to settle in his Majesty's dominions to transport himself and with his estate accordingly." A copy was sent to Lord Preston State Papers Domestic CAR 11 435 No.59.

He died in August 1719 aged 75 and left his estate to Katherine, his widow.

Nearly all of the information about Daniel comes from published State Papers and Chancelry Proceedings viewed at then PRO in Chancery Lane.

Le Beau Chevalier

Daniel DELAFORCE (1646 - 8/1719) emigrated to England. Major-General of Horse in the Huguenot army in Ireland, Le Beau Chevalier' = 1. (1664) ?

Daniel DELAFORCE (1664 - 1686)

= 2. (1680) Catherine DE COSERI

Daniel DELAFORCE (1680 - 2/5/1716) = Susanna ?

Daniel DELAFORCE (1705 - 1710)

Anne DELAFORCE (1707 - ?)

Margaret DELAFORCE (1708 - ?)

Mary DELAFORCE (1710 - ?)

Daniel DELAFORCE (1712 - ?)

Charles Dickens 1812-1870
"Eccentricities of genius"

The Card - John Delaforce 1728-1788

Despite the difficulties of research some 250 years back, there seems little doubt that John Delaforce was indeed a Card an eccentric, a man of talent, immense energy and an appetite - in all senses - for life. That is why, out of the many dozens of Delaforces whose lives have been glimpsed from libraries, books and museums, John seems to stand out with his exuberance. See this link to the family tree.

"John Delaforce, son of John Delaforce of the Parish of St. Dunstans in the West, London, by and with the licence & consent of the Governors of the Hospital of Bridewell, London, apprenticed to Thomas Roay citizen and musician 11th September 1741. Made Free 17 November 1749".

Bridewell Chapel, Hospital and Precinct Church were later united with St. Brides, Fleet Street.

John's (the father) permission was needed so that as an apprentice musician the son could start his apprenticeship at the age of 12 rather than the customary 14.

When he became an apprentice to the Musicians Guild in 1741 he gave his initial occupation as a Taylor living in Bride Lane (many tailors lived and practised at St. Brides). He also gave an alternative occupation as a Dealer in Coals. So at the age of 20 he was involved in at least three activities. The pity is that there is no knowledge of his skill as a musician, no record of the instruments he played An alternative address is given as Bordes Lane (although this might be a misprint of Brides lane). In fact he lived most of his life at No.39 Norton Folgate, the continuation of Bishopsgate Street, heading north

About 1749 he married Elizabeth, their children were Samuel born in 1749, Daniel 14th October 1750, Joseph 30th May 1752, Benjamin 1754, Mary 1st February 1756, Jeremiah 5th February 1758 and Sarah Jane 12th July 1761.

John married again to Mary Willby 18 August 1765 at Saint Leonards Church, Shoreditch.

John also must have helped his father John with the pawnbroking business, Golden Ball at Widegate Street, Bishopsgate, but the indications are that John (and William his brother) were thought to be very capable of supporting themselves (as shown in the father's will).

From 1759 to 1782 John was a lieutenant, then captain in the Honourable Artillery Company in Finsbury. He probably joined them before 1759 when he was 30. He was also an Ensign in the Orange Trained Bands, organised as the militia to defend London from mobs and attackers.

From 1770-1776 he was a Liveried Member of the Musicians Guild. His first wife Elizabeth must have died (possibly in childbirth) in the late 1760s. Several children died young

Benjamin age 2, Jeremiah age 2, Sarah Jane age 6. John's father died in late 1779 and left him £5! It may be that John was so prosperous with all his various activities - musician, tailor, coal dealer, pawnbroker and stockbroker - that his father felt he had no need of any more money He left £20 to his son William, modest legacies to his grandchildren, but the bulk of his estate, including the pawnbroking business, to his favourite grandson Samuel, John's eldest son.

On 28th May 1780 he married yet again, to Sarah Willmott, a minor - given away by her father Sam - and their son John was baptised at St. Botolphs, Bishopsgate, but Joshua, 13th June 1784 and Isaac, 1st July 1787, were baptised at St. Leonards, Shoreditch, and finally William, 12th October 1789, at St. Botolphs without Aldgate.

On the 13th June 1782, in the reign of King George the Third, John became a City of London Stockbroker, in partnership with Joseph Bond, citizen and blacksmith, each with a £500 bond.

On the 18th December 1788 John died, leaving in his will everything to his wife Sarah. His addresses at this time were Peters Court, Cartwright Square and also Darby Street, Rosemary Lane.

It is interesting that John Delaforce 1781-1855, Samuel's younger son, was a Taylor of Mile End, as shown in Samuel's will of 1805. John had followed his grandfather's first declared trade of tailoring.

John and Sarah's first son John, born 1780, was the founder of the Delforce family who in 1820 became Billingsgate wholesale fish merchants. It is possible there was ill-feeling in the family about John's third marriage to Sarah, which may have prompted a later generation to change their name to Delforce.

The information about John came from various Guilds, including brokers, from the Honourable Artillery Company, from Parish Registers, the Chamberlain's Court, and the IGI Index.

John DELAFORCE & his three wives

John DELAFORCE (1728 - 18/12/1788) Musician, soldier, stockbroker 'The Card' = 1. (1749) Elizabeth ?

Samuel DELAFORCE (1749 - 11/1805) Pawnbroker link to text = (1770) Elizabeth FLEURRIET

See family tree after Samuel

Daniel DELAFORCE (14/10/1750 - ?)

Joseph DELAFORCE (30/5/1752 - ?) = Sarah

Mary DELAFORCE (1/2/1756 - ?) = (1774) Henry WALKER

Jeremiah DELAFORCE (5/2/1758 - 1760)

Benjamin DELAFORCE (1754 - 1756)

Sarah Jane DELAFORCE (12/7/1761 - ?)

= 2. (18/8/1765) Mary WILLBY

= 3. (28/5/1780) Sarah WILMOTT

John DELAFORCE (1780 - ?) Fishmonger = 1. (1802) Jane STARMER

= 2. (1807) Mary MORRIS
Follow this link to the Fishmonger chapter

Joshua DELAFORCE (1784 - ?)

Isaac DELAFORCE (1787 - ?)

William DELAFORCE (1789 - ?)

Psalms "That most excellent gift of charity"

Samuel Delaforce - the Philanthropist

The Delaforce Educational Foundation - Southwark

Samuel Delaforce 1749-1805 was the eldest son of John the Musicaner of St. Botolphs, Bishopsgate (and Elizabeth Delaforce,). See this link to the family tree. His Guild and that of his son Samuel, was the Carpenters, of which he was made Free on 4th September 1770 and he became a skilled cabinet maker. In 1770 he married Elizabeth Fleurriet from a well-known Weaver family, at St Saviours, Southwark. Like his father John, Samuel had several commercial interests: pawnbroking, mainly in connection with his grandfather's Golden Ball in Bishopsgate; stockbroking; and possibly commodity broking like his father. In fact in partnership with Samuel Robinson, auctioneer, of Christchurch, Surrey - both putting up bonds for £500 in 1793 (a large sum in those days), he must have made a lot of money. (His estate was however less than £17,500). He conducted his stockbroking business from his own coffee shop, the Magdalene in Southwark.

He owned many houses in Southwark, on Blackfriars Road, also No.25 Queen Street, Park and also Ratcliffe Highway in Stepney. (Ref. PROB 10-3729 XP001388 Dec.1805). On his death on 10th November 1805 he left £3,000 each to Samuel and John, his sons and £3,000 to his wife Elizabeth which reverted on her death to St. George the Martyr Church, Southwark. His will is quite specific and is shown below.

Delaforce's Charity - St. George the Martyr, Southwark

Samuel Delaforce, by will dated 10 November 1805 gave to his wife Elizabeth, the interest of £3000 3 per cents for life; after her death, £500 for instructing poor children in reading in the Poor House of St. George, Southwark for ever. The interest of £1,000 for the nourishment of poor people in a poor, weak, sickly way in the poor house of St. George Southwark for ever. The interest of £500 for the support & education of poor boys and girls in the Charity Schools of said Parish. The interest of £1,000 to be given away yearly to such poor decayed families as had lived as good housekeepers, and had borne a good character and were then of the Parish of St. George, to each family two bushels of coal, 5/- in money, and a quartern loaf which were to be distributed yearly by the churchwardens & overseers at their discretion for ever. The Testators widow is still living.

1879 20 October. Transferred to 3000 New Consols, Divs £82-10. Trustees Robert Drewitt Hilton, Alexander Hawkins, Thomas Emary & James Chubb.

There is no doubt that Samuel and Elizabeth were deeply attached and committed to help the Southwark poor. Samuel was buried in the crypt at St. George the Martyr.

The Rector wrote in April 1981 "The Samuel Delaforce Educational Fund is administered from the Town Hall (Southwark) taken over at the time when the Borough Councils were established at the turn of the century. I know of a number of grants made to assist local children."

Information about Samuel came from Parish Registers, Wills, John Harvard Library, Brokers Guild, and the IGI Index.


Samuel DELAFORCE (1749 - 11/1805) Pawnbroker = (1770) Elizabeth FLEURRIET

Samuel DELAFORCE (1773 - 1829) = (1794) Elizabeth LORTON

Samuel DELAFORCE (1795 - ?) = (1825) Elizabeth LOWNEY

Samuel DELAFORCE (1827 - ?) = 1. (1850) Harriet Abigail FLIGHT

= 2. (1839) Mary DEVINE

Charles DELAFORCE (1855 - ?)

Jane Ellen DELAFORCE (1856 - ?)

John DELAFORCE (1778 -1780)

John DELAFORCE (1781 - 1855) Tailor = (1804) Elizabeth Brown WALDUCK

Charlotte DELAFORCE (1805 - ?) = George DE BOOS

John Fleurriet DELAFORCE (1807 - ?) = 1. (1836) Mary Anne Pleasance STURGESS

Mary Anne DELAFORCE (1837) = (1856) ?

= 2. (1842) Phoebe WHEATALL

See Port Wine Shippers Family Tree chapter 1

William Fleurriet DELAFORCE (1808 - ?) = (1828) Hester SMITH

George Frederick DELAFORCE (1811 - 1873)

Previous Page

Next Page

Back to Patrick's
Index page

Back to Ken's
genealogy site

Other books by Patrick

Contact: Ken Baldry for more information, 17 Gerrard Road, Islington, London N1 8AY +44(0)20 7359 6294 but best to e-mail him
©1980-2004 Patrick Delaforce & Ken Baldry. All rights reserved Last revised 16/12/2005